Research Bibliography


  • Abundez Toledo M, Ghanem G, Fine S, Weisman D, Huang YM, Rouhani AA. Exploring the promise of virtual reality in enhancing anatomy education: a focus group study with medical students. Frontiers in Virtual Reality Volume 5 (2024). doi: 10.3389/frvir.2024.1369794.


  • Sridhar A, Burrows J, Nameth C, Huang YM. Real Time, Remote, and Recorded: Medical Student Experiences with Smart Glasses in Obstetrical Simulation. Southern Medical Journal. 2023 Aug;116(8):686-689. doi: 10.14423/SMJ.0000000000001585. PMID: 37536696.


  • Hong BE, Myo Bui CC, Huang YM, Grogan T, Duval VF, Cannesson M. Implementing COVID-19 Simulation Training for Anesthesiology Residents. MedEdPORTAL. 2022 Jan 31;18:11215. doi: 10.15766/mep_2374-8265.11215. PMID: 35178468; PMCID: PMC8801548.
  • Howell GL, Chávez G, McCannel CA, Quiros PA, Al-Hashimi S, Yu F, Fung S, DeGiorgio CM, Huang YM, Straatsma BR, Braddock CH, Holland GN. Prospective, Randomized Trial Comparing Simulator-based versus Traditional Teaching of Direct Ophthalmoscopy for Medical Students. American Journal of Ophthalmology. 2022 Jun;238:187-196. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2021.11.016. Epub 2021 Nov 19. PMID: 34801508.
  • Nguyen M, Purdy I, Leng M, Soto C, Lovatonapongsa N, Kayathi RR, Huang YM, Enciso J. Impacts of Deliberate Practice Simulation on Neonatal Outcomes. Proceedings of UCLA Healthcare Volume 26 (2022). 


  • Steadman RH, Huang YM, Iseli MR, Lee JJ. Screen-Based Simulation for Training and Automated Assessment of Teamwork Skills: Comparing 2 Modes With Different Interactivity. Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare 2020 October (5). DOI: 10.1097/SIH.0000000000000510.
  • Larsen T, Jackson NJ, Napolitano J. A Comparison of Simulation-Based Education and Problem-Based Learning in Pre-Clinical Medical Undergraduates. MedEdPublish (2016). 2020 Aug 19;9:172. doi: 10.15694/mep.2020.000172.1. PMID: 38073854; PMCID: PMC10702657.


  • Mempin RL, Simon WM, Napolitano JD, Brook RP, Hall OL, Vangala S, Lee ES. Comparing the effectiveness of a hybrid simulation/lecture session versus simulation alone in teaching crew resource management (CRM) skills: a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Simul Technol Enhanc Learn. 2019 Sep 19;5(4):198-203. doi: 10.1136/bmjstel-2018-000354. PMID: 35521488; PMCID: PMC8936788.


  • Stiegler M, Huang YM, Kim S, Uijtdehaage S. Teaching Anesthesia Residents to Identify Non-technical and Cognitive Skill Deficiencies. Medical Science Educator. 2017 Mar;27 (1):83–88. DOI:10.1007/s40670-017-0370-z


  • Soto C, Stiner J, Noji DO, Rusheen JM, Huang YM. Creating a Simulated Pharmacy. Simulation in Healthcare: The Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare 2016;11(3):218-222. doi:10.1097/SIH.0000000000000163.
  • Turner JA, Fitzsimons MG, Pardo M, Hawkins JL, Huang YM, Rudolph MDD, Keyes MA, Howard-Quijano KJ, Naim NZ, Buckley JC, Grogan TR, Steadman RH. Effect of Performance Deficiencies on Graduation and Board Certification Rates. Anesthesiology 2016; 125(1): 221-9. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001142.
  • Shinnick, M. & Woo, M. Learning Style Impact on Knowledge Gains in Human Patient Simulation. Nurse Education Today 35 (2015), pp. 63-67. DOI: 10.1016/j.nedt.2014.05.013.
  • Shinnick, M.A. (2016). Validating eye tracking as an objective assessment tool in simulation. Clinical Simulation in Nursing, 12 (10), 438-446. DOI:


  • Huang YM, Dongilli T. Simulation center operations and administration, A Manual of Simulation in Healthcare, 2nd edition. Edited by Riley R, New York, Oxford University Press, in press.
  • Steadman RH, Rudolph MD, Myo-Bui C, Matevosian RM. Incorporating simulation into the medical school curriculum, A Manual of simulation in healthcare, 2nd edition. Edited by Riley R, New York, Oxford University Press, in press.
  • Steadman RH, Burden AR, Huang YM, Gaba DM, Cooper JB. Practice improvements based on participation in simulation for the maintenance of certification in anesthesiology program. Anesthesiology. 2015 May;122(5):1154-69. PubMed PMID: 25985025.
  • Huang YM, Rice J, Spain A, Palaganas JC. Terms of reference, Defining Excellence in Simulation Programs. Edited by Palaganas JC, Maxworthy JC, Epps CA, Mancini ME. 1st edition. Philadelphia, Wolters Kluwer, 2015, pp. xxi-xxxiv.
  • Canales C, Huang YM. Expecting the unexpected: Contingency planning for healthcare simulation. Defining Excellence in Simulation Programs. Edited by Palaganas JC, Maxworthy JC, Epps CA, Mancini ME. 1st edition. Philadelphia, Wolters Kluwer, 2015, pp. 582-591.
  • Shinnick MA, Woo MA. Learning style impact on knowledge gains in human patient simulation. Nurse Educ Today. 2015 Jan;35(1):63-7. Epub 2014 Jun 2. PubMed PMID: 24931652.
  • Alluri RK, Tsing P, Lee E, Napolitano J. A randomized controlled trial of high-fidelity simulation versus lecture-based education in preclinical medical students. Med Teach. 2015 Apr 21:1-6. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25897707
  • McCannel CA. Simulation Surgical Teaching in Ophthalmology. Ophthalmology. 2015 Dec;122(12):2371-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2015.08.036. PMID: 26592670.


  • Stiegler MP, Dhillon A. Decision-making errors in anesthesiology. Int Anesthesiol Clin. 2014 Winter;52(1):84-96. PUBMED PMID: 24370722
  • Weinger MB, Burden AR, Steadman RH, Gaba DM. This is not a test!: Misconceptions surrounding the maintenance of certification in anesthesiology simulation course. Anesthesiology. 2014 Sep;121(3):655-9. PubMed PMID: 24821072.
  • Barnato AE, Mohan D, Lane RK, Huang YM, Angus DC, Farris C and Arnold RM. Advance care planning norms may contribute to hospital variation in end-of-life ICU use: A simulation study. Med Decis Making 2014 Mar; 34:473.
  • Shinnick, M & Woo, M. (2014) Does nursing student self-efficacy correlate to knowledge when using human patient simulation? Clinical Simulation in Nursing, (10), e71-e79. *Research Article of the Year.


  • Shinnick MA, Woo MA. The effect of human patient simulation on critical thinking and its predictors in prelicensure nursing students. Nurse Educ Today. 2013 Sep;33(9):1062-7. Epub 2012 May 6. PubMed PMID: 22564925.
  • Steadman RH, Cole DJ. Assessing Competence for Reentry: What Matter Most? Anesthesiology 2013; 119(1):16-8. PubMed PMID: 23673523.


  • Shinnick MA, Woo MA. The effect of human patient simulation on critical thinking and its predictors in prelicensure nursing students. Nurse Educ Today. 2012 May 5. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 22564925.
  • Smith RJ, McCannel CA, Gordon LK, Hollander DA, Giaconi JA, Stelzner SK, Devgan U, Bartlett J, Mondino BJ. Evaluating teaching methods of cataract surgery: validation of an evaluation tool for assessing surgical technique of capsulorhexis. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2012 May;38(5):799-806. PubMed PMID:22520304
  • Steadman RH, Huang YM. Simulation for quality assurance in training, credentialing and maintenance of certification. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2012 Mar;26(1):3-15. PubMed PMID: 22559952.
  • Stiegler MP, Neelankavil JP, Canales C, Dhillon A. Cognitive errors detected in anaesthesiology: a literature review and pilot study. Br J Anaesth. 2012 Feb;108(2):229-35. Epub 2011 Dec 8. Review. PubMed PMID: 22157846.
  • Wang C, Myo CC, Kuchta K, Wald SH. Unexpected profound hypotension during sinus surgery. Simul Healthc. 2012 Feb;7(1):54-60. PubMed PMID: 21937964.
  • Shinnick MA, Woo M, Evangelista LS. Predictors of knowledge gains using simulation in the education of prelicensure nursing students. J Prof Nurs. 2012 Jan-Feb;28(1):41-7. PubMed PMID: 22261604; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3386605.
  • Schultz MA, Shinnick MA, Judson LH. Learning from mistakes in a simulated nursing leadership laboratory. Comput Inform Nurs. 2012 Sep;30(9):456-62. PubMed PMID: 22713310.
  • Shinnick MA, Woo M, Evangelista LS. Predictors of knowledge gains using simulation in the education of prelicensure nursing students. J Prof Nurs. 2012 Jan-Feb;28(1):41-7. PubMed PMID: 22261604


  • Neelankavil J, Salehi A, Canales C, Stiegler M. Difficult double-lumen endotracheal tube placement complicated by an intraoperative pneumothorax. Simul Healthc. 2012 Apr;7(2):127-32. PubMed PMID: 21915089.
  • Shinnick MA, Woo MA, Mentes JC. Human patient simulation: state of the science in prelicensure nursing education. J Nurs Educ. 2011 Feb;50(2):65-72. doi: 10.3928/01484834-20101230-01. Epub 2010 Dec 30. Review. PubMed PMID: 21210612.
  • Stiegler M, Dhillon A, Huang Y, Uijtdehaage S, Stiner J, Zacharia S, et al. Non-Technical and Cognitive Skills (NTCS) Self- Reflection and Faculty Evaluation Tools . MedEdPORTAL; 2011. Available
  • Lee E, Napolitano J. Simulation of Neutropenic Fever/Sepsis. MedEdPORTAL; 2011. Available from:
  • Shinnick, MA, Woo, M., Horwich, T.B., & Steadman, R. (2011). Debriefing: The most important component in simulation? Clin Sim in Nurs, 7(3), e105-e111.*Research Article of the Year


  • Howard-Quijano KJ, Stiegler MA, Huang YM, Canales C, Steadman RH. Anesthesiology residents' performance of pediatric resuscitation during a simulated hyperkalemic cardiac arrest. Anesthesiology. 2010 Apr;112(4):993-7. PubMed PMID: 20234308.
  • Steadman RH. Improving on reality: can simulation facilitate practice change? Anesthesiology. 2010 Apr;112(4):775-6. PubMed PMID: 20216388.


  • Howard-Quijano KJ, Huang YM, Matevosian R, Kaplan MB, Steadman RH. Video-assisted instruction improves the success rate for tracheal intubation by novices. Br J Anaesth. 2008 Oct;101(4):568-72. Epub 2008 Aug 1. PubMed PMID:18676418.
  • Huang YM, Pliego JF, Henrichs B, Bowyer MW, Siddall VJ, McGaghie WC, Raemer DB; In Collaboration With the 2007 Summit Consortium. 2007 simulation education summit. Simul Healthc. 2008 Fall;3(3):186-91. PubMed PMID: 19088663.
  • Steadman RH. The American Society of Anesthesiologists' national endorsement program for simulation centers. J Crit Care. 2008 Jun;23(2):203-6. PubMed PMID: 18538213.
  • Steadman, RH, Matevosian, R. Incorporating simulation into the medical school curriculum. In Riley RH (Ed). Manual of Simulation in Healthcare. New York, NY, Oxford University Press. 2008, pp 421-434.
  • Huang YM, Dongilli D. Simulation Center Operations and Administration. In Richard Riley (Ed). A Manual of Simulation in Healthcare. London: Oxford University Press. 2008, pp. 11-24.
  • Meier A, Huang. Coming of Age: Online Continuing Education for the Journal and the Society of Simulation in Healthcare. Simulation in Healthcare 2008; 3(4):247-8.


  • Chen MI, Edler A, Wald S, DuBois J, Huang YM. Scenario and checklist for airway rescue during pediatric sedation. Simul Healthc. 2007 Fall;2(3):194-8. PubMed PMID: 19088623.
  • King CH, Higa AT, Culjat MO, Han SH, Bisley JW, Carman GP, Dutson E, Grundfest WS. A pneumatic haptic feedback actuator array for robotic surgery or simulation. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2007;125:217-22. PubMed PMID: 17377270.


  • Larson CP Jr, Steadman RH. An advanced specialty training program in anesthesiology: a special educational fellowship designed to return community anesthesiologists to clinical practice. Anesth Analg. 2006 Jul;103(1):126-30, table of contents. PubMed PMID: 16790640.
  • Steadman RH, Coates WC, Huang YM, Matevosian R, Larmon BR, McCullough L, Ariel D. Simulation-based training is superior to problem-based learning for the acquisition of critical assessment and management skills. Crit Care Med. 2006 Jan;34(1):151-7. PubMed PMID: 16374169.


  • Schwid HA, Rooke GA, Carline J, Steadman RH, Murray WB, Olympio M, Tarver S, Steckner K, Wetstone S; Anesthesia Simulator Research Consortium. Evaluation of anesthesia residents using mannequin-based simulation: a multiinstitutional study. Anesthesiology. 2002 Dec;97(6):1434-44. PubMed PMID: 12459669.


  • Kapur PA, Steadman RH. Patient simulator competency testing: ready for takeoff? Anesth Analg. 1998 Jun;86(6):1157-9. PubMed PMID: 9620495.